Indian Journal of Respiratory Care

IJRC Email      Register      Login

VOLUME 10 , ISSUE 1 ( January-April, 2021 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices toward the COVID-19 Pandemic among the Indian General Population: A Cross-Sectional Survey

Lakshmi Venkata Simhachalam Kutikuppala, A. N. Syamasundara Kiran

Keywords : 2019-nCoV disease, COVID-19, COVID-19 pandemic, SARS-CoV-2 infection

Citation Information : Kutikuppala LV, Kiran AN. Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices toward the COVID-19 Pandemic among the Indian General Population: A Cross-Sectional Survey. Indian J Respir Care 2021; 10 (1):88-92.

DOI: 10.4103/ijrc.ijrc_73_20

License: CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

Published Online: 06-12-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; Indian Journal of Respiratory Care.


Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) disease is highly infectious, and fever, dry cough, fatigue, myalgia, and dyspnea are the main clinical symptoms of the disease. There is a necessity to understand the public's awareness of COVID-19 to facilitate the outbreak management of COVID-19 in India. Collection of knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) information regarding outbreaks has long been useful in apprising prevention, control, and mitigation measures during such outbreaks. Objectives: The study objective was to evaluate knowledge levels, prevailing attitudes, and practices among the general population of India about the COVID-19 pandemic and to rule out barriers concerned with practicing risk reduction behaviors. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted online among the general population of India during the lockdown period. The KAP toward COVID-19/severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 infection and prevention were assessed by using a self-administered questionnaire with 32 questions. The KAP assessment was carried out by assigning scores to the variables. SPSS version 24.0 and Chi-square test were used for statistical analysis. Results: A total of 1292 people had participated in the survey, and their mean age was 29.43 years. Overall, 81% of the participants had good knowledge, 77% of the participants had a positive attitude, and 83.5% of the participants were following good practices. Nearly 94% of the participants are confident that India can overcome COVID-19, and 97.7% of the participants wore masks when they went out. Conclusion: Health education campaigns and awareness events targeting the general population can enhance knowledge and attitudes of the people to the pandemic and potentiate better practices in facing the crisis.

  1. Suvvari TK, Kutikuppala LV, Babu GK, Jadhav M. Understanding the unusual viral outbreak: Coronavirus disease 2019. J Curr Res Sci Med 2020;6:3-10. [doi: 10.4103/jcrsm.jcrsm_30_20].
  2. Report of the WHO-China Joint Mission on Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). Available from: [Last accessed on 2020 May 22].
  3. Novel-Corona Virus Events as They Happen. Available from: [Last accessed on 2020 May 22].
  4. Coronavirus Outbreak. Available from: [Last accessed on 2020 May 22].
  5. COVID-19 India Official Website. Available from: [Last accessed on 2020 May 22].
  6. Zhong BL, Luo W, Li HM, Zhang QQ, Liu XG, Li WT, et al. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards COVID-19 among Chinese residents during the rapid rise period of the COVID-19 outbreak: A quick online cross-sectional survey. Int J Biol Sci 2020;16:1745-52.
  7. Olum R, Chekwech G, Wekha G, Nassozi DR, Bongomin F. Coronavirus disease-2019: Knowledge, attitude, and practices of health care workers at Makerere University Teaching Hospitals, Uganda. Front Public Health 2020;8:181.
  8. Clements JM. Knowledge and behaviors toward COVID-19 among U.S. Residents during the early days of the pandemic. medRxiv 2020;preprint. [doi: 10.1101/2020.03.31.20048967].
  9. Rugarabamu S, Byanaku A, Ibrahim M. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) towards COVID-19: A quick online cross-sectional survey among Tanzanian residents. medRxiv 2020;Pre-print. [doi: 10.1101/2020.04.26.20080820].
  10. Chan EY, Cheng CK, Tam G, Huang Z, Lee P. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of Hong Kong population towards human A/H7N9 influenza pandemic preparedness, China, 2014. BMC Public Health 2015;15:943.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.