Indian Journal of Respiratory Care

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VOLUME 10 , ISSUE 2 ( May-August, 2021 ) > List of Articles


Tuberculosis as a Cause of Broncho-esophageal Fistula

Thara Pratap, Muhammed Jasim Abdul Jalal, Hari P Lakshmanan, A. K. Vishnu, Antony Paul Chettupuzha

Keywords : Broncho-esophageal fistula, mediastinal lymphadenopathy, tuberculosis

Citation Information : Pratap T, Jalal MJ, Lakshmanan HP, Vishnu AK, Chettupuzha AP. Tuberculosis as a Cause of Broncho-esophageal Fistula. Indian J Respir Care 2021; 10 (2):257-259.

DOI: 10.4103/ijrc.ijrc_39_21

License: CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

Published Online: 06-12-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; Indian Journal of Respiratory Care.


We report a case of broncho-esophageal fistula associated with tuberculosis. A 29-year-old female diagnosed with smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis on anti-tuberculosis treatment for 2 months presented with complaints of cough on food intake with food particles present in the expectorant. Radiological examination revealed mediastinal lymphadenopathy and upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed multiple fistulous tracts in the esophagus. Small fistulae were treated by clipping and large fistulae were treated with self-expandable metallic stents which resulted in the alleviation of symptoms.

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