Comorbidities and Vaccination Significantly Influence on Post-Coronavirus Disease 19 Functional and Health Status: A Single-Center Experience from South India
Venkata Ramana Kandi, Tarun Kumar Suvvari, L. V. Simhachalam Kutikuppala, Hemanth Reddy Burugu, Sri Harsha Boppana, Venkata Dinesh Kumar Kandula, Mamtha Jadhav, Mani Kruthika Mantha
Coronavirus disease 19, functional status, health status, infection, post-COVID-19, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2
Citation Information :
Kandi VR, Suvvari TK, Kutikuppala LV, Burugu HR, Boppana SH, Kandula VD, Jadhav M, Mantha MK. Comorbidities and Vaccination Significantly Influence on Post-Coronavirus Disease 19 Functional and Health Status: A Single-Center Experience from South India. Indian J Respir Care 2022; 11 (4):321-326.
Background: Health-care specialists and clinical researchers worldwide have been concentrating more on the acute and intense phase of the coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) infection, but there is an exigency toward the incessant monitoring in the postdischarge period to foresee the long-lasting effects of the disease. The main objective of this study is to evaluate the post-COVID-19 health and functional status (PCFS) and the long-term health implications of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 infection among COVID-19 recovered patients.
Materials and Methods: An observational, cross-sectional, and hospital-based study was conducted among the COVID-19 recovered patients. The PCFS scale was used as a study tool to assess the functional status. Data were entered into Excel spreadsheets 2019, and statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS version 24.0. Descriptive statistics were used, and the Chi-square test was used to determine the role of sociodemographic characteristics on questions. The statistical significance level was set at P < 0.05 (two-sided).
Results: A total of 80 patients were included in the study and the mean age was 37.03 ± 15.15 years. More than half of the participants (52.5%) showed functional limitations. Fatigue (30%), anxiety (23.75%), and cough (6.25%) were noted to be persistent symptoms reported post-COVID-19 recovery. The majority (88.75%) of the study participants experienced at least one symptom post-COVID-19 and 52.5% have experienced at least one functional limitation. The presence of comorbidities (r = 0.664; likelihood ratio [LR] = 0.968), and vaccination (r = 0.700; LR = 0.611) considerably influenced the PCFS.
Conclusion: Our study revealed that there is a significant limitation of PCFS among recovered patients. The presence of comorbidities and vaccination significantly correlated with the PCFS. Standard identification tools, extensive screening, and wide education of consequences related to post-COVID-19 along multicentric and global studies are the need of the hour.
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