Indian Journal of Respiratory Care

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VOLUME 12 , ISSUE 1 ( January-March, 2023 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Epidemiological Profile of Mold Infections in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients

Shimpi Chopra, Purabi Barman, Tarun Thukral

Keywords : Comorbidities, Coronavirus disease 2019, Diabetes mellitus, Mucorales, Rhinosinusitis

Citation Information : Chopra S, Barman P, Thukral T. Epidemiological Profile of Mold Infections in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients. Indian J Respir Care 2023; 12 (1):49-54.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11010-1002

License: CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

Published Online: 14-03-2023

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has predisposed to secondary fungal infections, particularly when it is associated with varied comorbidities and immunocompromised situations. Materials and methods: We performed a retrospective clinico-epidemiological evaluation on 45 patients with a history of COVID-19 who presented with clinical features of fungal infections and their association with preexisting comorbid risk factors. The clinico-demographic information of the patients was obtained using a pro forma. Samples from representative clinical sites were collected, like respiratory secretions, pus, or tissue samples from nasal cavities and paranasal sinuses. These samples were processed as per the standard mycological procedures and the fungal isolates, so obtained, were identified according to their culture and microscopic characteristics. Results: The median time interval for the appearance of clinical features of fungal infections from the time of COVID-19 diagnosis was 17 days. Diabetes mellitus (DM) (84.44%) was found to be the leading comorbidity. History of administration of glucocorticoids was noted in 62.22% of the patients. The most frequent presentation was rhinosinusitis in 86.67% of the individuals. Different kinds of molds were isolated in 73.33% of the specimens, with Mucorales (78.89%) being the dominant one. The 32 admitted patients were managed by antifungal therapy and/or surgery. A total of nine patients did not respond to the treatment and succumbed to the disease. Conclusion: Though the true prevalence of these mold infections is not known, but timely diagnosis and management are extremely important in view of their high mortality.

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