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VOLUME 12 , ISSUE 3 ( July-September, 2023 ) > List of Articles


Uncovering the Unusual: A Case Report of Poland Syndrome

Anurag Tripathi, Ved Prakash, Hemant Kumar, Mohammad Arif, Mrityunjaya Singh, Deepak Sharma, Shubhra Srivastava

Keywords : Absent, Case report, Chest flattening, Congenital anomaly, Hyperlucency, Pectoralis major, Pectoralis minor, Poland syndrome, Shortness of breath, Ultrasound, Vascular disruption

Citation Information : Tripathi A, Prakash V, Kumar H, Arif M, Singh M, Sharma D, Srivastava S. Uncovering the Unusual: A Case Report of Poland Syndrome. Indian J Respir Care 2023; 12 (3):281-283.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11010-1064

License: CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

Published Online: 30-10-2023

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


Poland syndrome (PS) is a rare congenital anomaly identified by the unilateral underdevelopment or absence of both the pectoralis major and minor muscles. We present a case of a 17-year-old male with right-sided chest flattening and shortness of breath for 3 years. Physical examination revealed reduced breath sounds on the affected side and chest X-ray showed right-sided hyperlucency. A noncontrast computed tomography (CT) thorax revealed absent pectoralis major and minor muscles on the right side, with visualized ribs appearing unremarkable, leading to a diagnosis of PS. Accurate diagnosis of PS requires imaging modalities such as chest X-rays, CT, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. Treatment options for PS include reconstructive surgical procedures. PS affects chest development, leading to respiratory issues affecting an individual's quality of life.

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