Indian Journal of Respiratory Care

IJRC Email      Register      Login

VOLUME 8 , ISSUE 1 ( January-June, 2019 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

The Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease by Spirometric Indices in Nonsmoker Patients with Catheter-Diagnosed Coronary Artery Disease

Ankur Agrawal, Saurabh Kumar Singh, Prahlad P. Prabhudesai

Keywords : Coronary angiography, coronary artery disease, obstructive airway diseases, spirometry

Citation Information : Agrawal A, Singh SK, Prabhudesai PP. The Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease by Spirometric Indices in Nonsmoker Patients with Catheter-Diagnosed Coronary Artery Disease. Indian J Respir Care 2019; 8 (1):46-50.

DOI: 10.4103/ijrc.ijrc_31_18

License: CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

Published Online: 05-12-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2019; Indian Journal of Respiratory Care.


Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of obstructive airway disease (OAD) in coronary artery disease (CAD) patient's using spirometric indices. Patients and Methods: The prospective study was conducted between June 2014 and June 2015. Patients admitted to the intensive coronary care unit having a proven diagnosis of CAD (single or multiple vessel disease) on coronary angiography were undergone spirometry examination. Results: This study included a total of 80 patients of proven CAD. Sixty-one patients were male and 19 were female. The mean age of the cases was 59.29 years. In our study, 37.5% had triple-vessel disease, 33.8% had double-vessel disease, and remaining 28.8% had single-vessel disease. Eighteen patients (22.5%) were found to have OAD. On comparison of severity of OAD with the severity of CAD, no statistically significant association was found. Conclusion: It is imperative to carry out inexpensive investigations such as spirometry in all the patients with CAD so that both the conditions can be managed adequately with better outcomes.

  1. Patil VC, Pujari BN, Patil HV, Munjal A, Agrawal V. Prevalence of obstructive airway disease by spirometric indices in non-smoker subjects with IHD and HTN. Lung India 2012;29:241-7.
  2. Boschetto P, Beghé B, Fabbri LM, Ceconi C. Link between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and coronary artery disease: Implication for clinical practice. Respirology 2012;17:422-31.
  3. Campo G, Pavasini R, Malagù M, Mascetti S, Biscaglia S, Ceconi C, et al. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and ischemic heart disease comorbidity: Overview of mechanisms and clinical management. Cardiovasc Drugs Ther 2015;29:147-57.
  4. Salisbury AC, Reid KJ, Spertus JA. Impact of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on post-myocardial infarction outcomes. Am J Cardiol 2007;99:636-41.
  5. Behar S, Panosh A, Reicher-Reiss H, Zion M, Schlesinger Z, Goldbourt U. Prevalence and prognosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among 5,839 consecutive patients with acute myocardial infarction. SPRINT study group. Am J Med 1992;93:637-41.
  6. Jindal SK, Aggarwal AN, Gupta D. A review of population studies from India to estimate national burden of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and its association with smoking. Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2001;43:139-47.
  7. McKay AJ, Mahesh PA, Fordham JZ, Majeed A. Prevalence of COPD in India: A systematic review. Prim Care Respir J 2012;21:313-21.
  8. Liang BM, Xu ZB, Yi Q, Ou XM, Feng YL. Association of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with coronary artery disease. Chin Med J (Engl) 2013;126:3205-8.
  9. Bursi F, Vassallo R, Weston SA, Killian JM, Roger VL. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease after myocardial infarction in the community. Am Heart J 2010;160:95-101.
  10. Berger JS, Sanborn TA, Sherman W, Brown DL. Effect of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on survival of patients with coronary heart disease having percutaneous coronary intervention. Am J Cardiol 2004;94:649-51.
  11. Selvaraj CL, Gurm HS, Gupta R, Ellis SG, Bhatt DL. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease as a predictor of mortality in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. Am J Cardiol 2005;96:756-9.
  12. Kohansal R, Martinez-Camblor P, Agustí A, Buist AS, Mannino DM, Soriano JB. The natural history of chronic airflow obstruction revisited: An analysis of the Framingham offspring cohort. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2009;180:3-10.
  13. Engström G, Wollmer P, Valind S, Hedblad B, Janzon L. Blood pressure increase between 55 and 68 years of age is inversely related to lung function: Longitudinal results from the cohort study ‘men born in 1914’. J Hypertens 2001;19:1203-8.
  14. Das S, Mukherjee S, Kundu S, Mukherjee D, Ghoshal AG, Paul D. Presence and severity of COPD among patients attending cardiology OPD of a tertiary healthcare centre. J Indian Med Assoc 2010;108:406-9.
  15. Soriano JB, Rigo F, Guerrero D, Yañez A, Forteza JF, Frontera G, et al. High prevalence of undiagnosed airflow limitation in patients with cardiovascular disease. Chest 2010;137:333-40.
  16. Almagro P, Lapuente A, Pareja J, Yun S, Garcia ME, Padilla F, et al. Underdiagnosis and prognosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease after percutaneous coronary intervention: A prospective study. Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis 2015;10:1353-61.
  17. Ahmed AH, Yagoub TE, Muthana F. Prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in patients with catheter-diagnosed coronary artery disease. Ann Thorac Med 2009;4:91-2.
  18. Ullah R, Salam S, Ghaffar T, Muhammad R, Khan I. Frequency of undiagnosed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in patients with coronary artery disease. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2017;29:285-8.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.